Also in this case, the potential for groundwater exposure above the parametric drinking water limit of 0.1 μg/L was concluded to be low for pyriproxyfen and its metabolites. Only the step 4 calculations which appropriately followed the FOCUS (2007) guidance, with spray drift mitigation not exceeding 95% spray drift reduction, were accepted by the peer review. Using the triple pack approach (combination of in vitro and in vivo results with pyriproxyfen 100 g/L EC, following the EFSA PPR Panel, 2012), the dermal absorption values were 3% for the concentrate and 4% for the dilution. The active ingredient pyriproxyfen mimics the naturally occurring juvenile hormone in insects, which affects the normal functions of … EFSA collated and forwarded all comments received to the European Commission on 10 July 2018. The following guidance documents were followed in the production of this conclusion: European Commission (2000a,b, 2010a). PECsw for pyriproxyfen and metabolites 4’‐OH‐Pyr and PYPAC were calculated for closed walk‐in tunnels based on Step 3 drainage scenarios and for the use in high technology greenhouses, the specific model GEM (version 3.3.2) was used for both soil‐bound and soil‐less scenarios. Mode of action. However, except for the chronic risk assessment to aquatic invertebrates for metabolite PYPAC, this data gap did not result in an assessment not finalised for parent pyriproxyfen (soil compartment) and metabolites DPH‐Pyr (aquatic environment), 4’‐OH‐Pyr and PYPAC due to the margins of safety between hazard endpoints and PEC indicated in the available environmental risk assessments. However, it should be noted that the extraction procedure used was verified for high water and high acid content matrices but not for dry and high oil content matrices (data gap). Pyriproxyfen. Further studies addressing the fate of 4’‐OH‐PYR and PYPAC residues in rotational crops are therefore not needed and a residue definition is not deemed necessary for the rotational crops. Pyridine 10%, Pyriproxyfen 10%, Chemical Type: Insect Growth Regulator: Formulation: Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC) Mix Rate: Indoor: Mix 4 to 8 ml of Pivot 10 with 1 gallon of water to make a spot treatment solution, broadcast spray, or crack and crevice spray. For the outdoor uses in ornamentals, a low risk is indicated for the R2/R3 FOCUS scenarios at Step 4, provided that 10 m buffer/50% spray reduction is used. Therefore, for those processes in which microbial metabolism is involved, some degree of enantioselective transformation in the environment cannot be excluded. It is noted that the relative toxicity and possible preferential metabolism of the enantiomers was not investigated, however, considering the high margin between worker and bystander exposure and the AOEL/AAOEL, it is considered unlikely that the reference values would be exceeded even if a complete shift would occur after application to a potentially more toxic enantiomer. View this supplier’s website A high acute risk was indicated using FOCUS Step 1‐3, for the representative uses in citrus and for the majority of the FOCUS Step 3 scenarios (8 out of 10) in pome fruit (early) and in pome fruit (late) for 2 out of 10 FOCUS scenarios at Step 3 (R2/R3). U.S. EPA, Office of Pesticide Programs Toluene was identified as a toxicologically relevant impurity with a maximum acceptable level of 5 g/kg. In liver and kidney, it was extensively degraded into numerous minor metabolites and a significant fraction of radioactive residues being associated with proteins. The risk to sediment‐dwelling organisms is low for the outdoor uses in tomatoes and ornamentals with mitigation measures such as a 5 m non‐spray buffer zone for the use in tomatoes and 10 m non‐spray buffer zone with 50% spray reduction for ornamentals. The reliable end points, appropriate for use in regulatory risk assessment and the proposed MRLs, are presented. Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 February 2005 on maximum residue levels of pesticides in or on food and feed of plant and animal origin and amending Council Directive 91/414/EEC. PYRIPROXYFEN 100EC is a group code 7C insecticide. However, the consumer risk assessment cannot be finalised in view of the identified data gaps. The information to support the compliance of the batches used in ecotoxicological studies with the technical specification was considered sufficient. 0.03 mg/kg), while no residues of PYPAC were found in any samples collected. With regard to the available neurotoxicity studies with rats, the acute neurotoxic NOAEL was 300 mg/kg bw based on decreased total and ambulatory motor activity counts (in males) while the 90‐day neurotoxic NOAEL was 1,111 mg/kg bw per day (high dose tested). All customers get FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon ... Control Solutions Pivot 10 IGR Insect Growth Regulator Concentrate 3.72oz 110ml. Therefore a low chronic risk to aquatic invertebrates was indicated with mitigation, e.g. In accordance with Article 13 of the Regulation, unless formally informed by the European Commission that a conclusion is not necessary, EFSA is required to adopt a conclusion on whether the active substance can be expected to meet the approval criteria provided for in Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 within 5 months from the end of the period provided for the submission of written comments, subject to an extension of up to 8 months where additional information is required to be submitted by the applicant(s) in accordance with Article 13(3). With the exception for the acute risk for the representative use on citrus, these calculations also indicated that a high risk to solitary bees cannot be excluded for the representative uses on citrus, pome fruits and tomato (outdoor use). For the representative uses on protected crops, the necessary surface water exposure assessment was appropriately carried out following the EFSA guidance on emission from protected crops (EFSA, 2014a). This has led to the identification of a data gap (see Section 7) and results in the consumer risk assessment not being finalised (see Section 9). It does not allow the hatching of eggs. Pesticide Product Label, -, CONTROL SOLUTIONS, INC., 5388300280 The consumer dietary risk assessment has been performed using the EFSA Pesticide Residues Intake Model (PRIMo rev.2A) and the toxicological reference values agreed for pyriproxyfen. A low chronic risk to fish was concluded for the representative uses in tomatoes (soil‐less greenhouse) and ornamentals (soil‐bound greenhouse) and for walk‐in tunnels (closed), using FOCUS Step 3. Refer to experts’ consultation 2.5 in the Report of Pesticides Peer Review Experts’ Meeting 190 (EFSA, 2019). uuid:4348df3f-c7c5-4844-b230-06f9063890d4 Also used for control of whitefly and thrips. In accordance with Article 1 of the Regulation, the RMS the Netherlands and co‐RMS Spain received an application from Sumitomo Chemical Agro Europe for the renewal of approval of the active substance pyriproxyfen. Screening assessments for solitary bees were also performed (acute adult, chronic adult, and larva). 2‐OH‐PY and 4’‐OH‐PYR (free and sulfate conjugates) were identified at relevant proportions (> 10% TRR) in eggs, liver, muscle and fat. For the dog studies (28‐day, 90‐day and two 1‐year studies), the overall NOAEL is 10 mg/kg bw per day from the second 1‐year study, based on liver toxicity (increased weight, changes in clinical chemistry parameters and histopathological findings). Satisfactory information was not provided to address the preferential transformation of the enantiomers of pyriproxyfen and metabolites 4’‐OH‐Pyr, PYPAC and DPH‐Pyr, which contain chiral carbon atom. Dahaad offers multi - action control of whitefly pest in cotton crop. Keep nearby containers and equipment cool with a water spray. The assessment in the residue section is based on the following documents: OECD (2009, 2011), European Commission (2011), JMPR (2004, 2007). No assessment was available for puddle water; however, the risk from this scenario was also considered as low on the basis of the risk assessment for guttation water. A low risk to aquatic macrophytes was indicated for all representative uses, using FOCUS Step 1‐3. Probably, in the first instance, a consideration of the processes of ozonation and chlorination would appear appropriate. A low risk to sediment‐dwelling organisms could not be concluded for the exposure via the sediment. According to point 3.8.2 of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009, as amended by Commission Regulation (EU) 2018/605, it can be concluded that pyriproxyfen is not an endocrine disruptor for non‐target arthropods.1414 The toxicological studies were performed with the racemic mixture and no specific toxicological data were provided for the individual isomers nor requested. Tier 1‐toxicity and aged‐residue tests on non‐target arthropods, Aphidius rhopalosiphi and Typhlodromus pyri, were available with the representative formulation. In a 21‐day dermal study with rats, no local or systemic effects were observed up to the highest dose tested. Agrotechnica is an integrated company that provides complete service of manufacturing, formulation and packing of Crop Protection Products, with a marketing position in the Greek Crop Protection Industry the last 50 years. In poultry, pyriproxyfen was predominant in eggs, muscle and fat (46–94% TRR). EYES: Causes temporary irritation, tearing and blurred vision. In a 28‐day mouse immunotoxicity study with pyriproxyfen, adverse effects on the immune function were not observed. Toxicity data for the active substance pyriproxyfen, and the pertinent aquatic metabolites 4’‐OH‐Pyr, DPH‐Pyr and PYPA were available for all relevant aquatic organisms. With regard to the second combined developmental and reproductive toxicity study with rats, the experts agreed with a maternal NOAEL of 100 mg/kg bw per day while the developmental NOAEL was agreed at 30 mg/kg bw per day based on increased ambulation in an open field test with male pups. A low in‐field risk to A. rhopalosiphi and Orius laevigatus was concluded for the representative use in pome fruit. In laboratory incubations in dark aerobic natural sediment water systems, pyriproxyfen exhibited low persistence, forming the major metabolites 4’‐OH‐Pyr (max. The RMS provided its initial evaluation of the dossier on pyriproxyfen in the RAR, which was received by EFSA on 14 December 2017 (Netherlands, 2017). 4’‐OH‐PYR was detected in mouse and hen metabolism studies and the available data indicate that 4’‐OH‐PYR was covered in the mammalian and avian toxicity studies with the parent.99 The proposed specification for pyriproxyfen is based on batch data from industrial plant production. Kofax standard Multi-Page TIFF Storage Filter v3.03.000 The use of pyriproxyfen according to the representative uses as an insecticide on citrus and pome fruits, tomatoes and ornamentals, as proposed at the European Union (EU) level result in a sufficient insecticidal efficacy against the target organisms. Proxy 10% EC (pyriproxyfen) is a new insecticide, -a juvenile hormone mimic, belonging to the group of insect growth regulators. However and in view of the large margin of safety observed in the dietary intake calculation, it can reasonably be assumed that the potential complete degradation of the racemic mixture to a potentially more toxic enantiomer in plant matrices will have a negligible impact on the consumer toxicological burden. Based on GAP‐specific residue data on citrus, the risk was refined and a low long‐term risk to frugivorous mammal was finally concluded for the uses in citrus. It has a role as a juvenile hormone mimic. The SWAN tool (version 4.0.1) was appropriately used to implement these mitigation measures in the simulations. Pyriproxyfen is the ISO common name for 4‐phenoxyphenyl (RS)‐2‐(2‐pyridyloxy)propyl ether (IUPAC), only produced as a racemate. The experts concluded that pyriproxyfen was unlikely to be teratogenic.66 PYRIPROXYFEN 10% EC may be used in an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program to help in the prevention of insect resistance. A Tier 1‐toxicity test on Orius laevigatus and an aged‐residue test on Chrysoperla carnea with the representative formulation were additionally available. … Pyriproxyfen is a racemic mixture of an (R)‐enantiomer and an (S)‐enantiomer. In accordance with Article 12(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009, risk mitigation options identified in the RAR and considered during the peer review are presented in the conclusion. The PECsw values at FOCUS Step 4 were less than the ETO‐RAC for all the outdoor representative uses, whereas high risk was concluded for the soil‐less greenhouse use in ornamentals and walk‐in tunnels (open). A refined in‐field risk assessment was available based on the aged‐residue data on T. pyri, A. rhopalosiphi and C. carnea, with the representative formulation indicating, at the maximum application rate, less than 50% effects on reproduction after 14‐day ageing. Methods of analysis are available for the determination of the active substance and the relevant impurity in the technical material and in the representative formulations and for the determination of the respective impurities in the technical material. At the calculated dietary burden for ruminants, the transfer of total residues was insignificant in milk and tissues (< 0.01 mg/kg) and a default residue definition for monitoring and risk assessment is set as pyriproxyfen for animal matrices. No information on the degradation of pyriproxyfen under anaerobic conditions was submitted. The field data endpoints were combined with laboratory values to derive modelling endpoints. These data, together with the relevant acute data, were used in the tier 1 risk assessments for honeybees according to the EFSA Guidance Document (EFSA, 2013) for the representative uses on citrus, pome fruits and tomato (outdoor use). Pyriproxyfen is an aromatic ether that consists of propylene glycol having a 2-pyridyl group at the O-1 position and a 4-phenoxyphenyl group at the O-3 position. For the rat developmental toxicity, a maternal NOAEL of 100 mg/kg bw per day was identified while the developmental LOAEL was 100 mg/kg bw per day based on an increased incidence of opening of the foramen transversarium of the 7th cervical vertebra (skeletal variation).55 Due to the large margin of safety observed in the consumer dietary intake calculation, it can reasonably be assumed that the potential complete degradation of the racemic mixture to a potentially more toxic enantiomer in plant matrices will have a negligible impact on the consumer toxicological burden. The necessary groundwater exposure assessments were appropriately carried out using FOCUS (European Commission, 2014a) scenarios and the models PEARL 4.4.4, PELMO 5.5.3 and MACRO 5.5.48.8 The potential for groundwater exposure from the representative uses by pyriproxyfen and its metabolites 4’‐OH‐Pyr and PYPAC above the parametric drinking water limit of 0.1 μg/L was concluded to be low in geoclimatic situations that are represented by all the relevant FOCUS groundwater scenarios. The risk assessment was based on the following documents: European Commission (2002a,b), SETAC (2001), EFSA (2009), EFSA PPR Panel (2013) and EFSA (2013). In accordance with Article 12 of the Regulation, EFSA distributed the RAR to the Member States and the applicant, Sumitomo Chemical Agro Europe, for consultation and comments on 8 May 2018. In addition, metabolite 4’‐OH‐Pyr (max. MRLs were assessed in citrus fruit. A high risk could not be excluded for all the FOCUS scenarios at Step 4 in citrus, for 7 out of 10 scenarios in pome fruit (late) and the R3 FOCUS scenario in pome fruit (early). A sufficient number of GAP‐compliant residue trials on oranges and mandarins (southern European Union (SEU) outdoor GAP) with an extrapolation to the whole group of citrus fruit, on tomatoes (indoor GAP) and on apples (SEU outdoor GAP) with an extrapolation to pears are acceptable. The list of those substances is established in Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 686/2012. For the acceptable operator exposure level (AOEL), the original value of 0.04 mg/kg bw per day has been confirmed, based on the 1‐year dog study. With regard to the assessment of the endocrine‐disrupting (ED) potential of pyriproxyfen according to the ECHA/EFSA guidance (2018), the Oestrogen, androgen, thyroid or steroidogenic (EATS)‐mediated parameters were considered as not being sufficiently investigated in routine toxicological studies where evidence of EATS‐mediated adverse effects was not observed. For the uses in pome fruit (early), a high chronic risk to fish cannot be excluded for the D5/R2/R3 FOCUS scenarios at Step 4. Action: Insecticide. Acute toxicity data with the representative formulation were available for fish, Daphnia and algae. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. It is also used as a prevention for flea control on household pets, for killing indoor and outdoor ants and roaches. and therefore, a low risk cannot be concluded from exposure via the sediment (data gap and that could not be finalised). It has to be noted, however, that pyriproxyfen is a juvenile hormone agonist in the target species. 2011-06-21T13:38:50Z Appropriate acute toxicity data on honeybees were available for the representative formulation. Sufficient and acceptable residue trials were submitted to derive an MRL for citrus fruit. ��14�S6�m�"E5�, U.S. EPA, Pesticides, Label, -, 6/13/2011. Based on the available data in rats, where only minor metabolites have been identified in body fluids and tissues, the residue definition for body fluids and tissues includes only pyriproxyfen. Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 844/2012, as amended by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 2018/1659, lays down the procedure for the renewal of the approval of active substances submitted under Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. Dahaad is a combination of insect growth regulators and a pyrethroid. DAHAAD Pyriproxyfen 10% + Bifenthrin 10% EC. Full details of the Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) can be found in the list of end points in Appendix A. The PEC in soil, surface water, sediment and groundwater covering the representative uses assessed can be found in Appendix A of this conclusion. 4.5 out of 5 stars 29. It was concluded that the risk to birds and mammals from 4’‐OH‐PYR is low. 8.9% AR) exceeded 5% AR in at least two consecutive sampling dates in the degradation experiments; therefore, it was included in the present assessment. Given the importance of the RAR, including its revisions (Netherlands, 2019), and the peer review report, both documents are considered as background documents to this conclusion and thus are made publicly available. Tomato crop has no melliferous capacity according to the current guidelines (European Commission, 2018). Complying with Article 8 of the Regulation, the RMS checked the completeness of the dossier and informed the applicant, the co‐RMS (Spain), the European Commission and EFSA about the admissibility. ca. No particular conditions are proposed for the MRL applications. Pyriproxyfen was discussed in the Pesticide Peer Review meeting 190 in February 2019. PRECAUTIONS: 1. High chronic risk for fish, for aquatic invertebrates and for sediment‐dwelling organisms (exposure via surface water) could not be excluded for the greenhouse soilless uses in ornamentals and for the walk‐in tunnels (issue that could not be finalised). laboratory DT90 of 148 and 179 days, respectively) and might be taken up by the following crops. . IUPAC: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry; SMILES: simplified molecular‐input line‐entry system; InChiKey: International Chemical Identifier Key. Eggs, Nymphs and Adults. Ltd., New Delhi: Pyriproxyfen 5olo + Diafenthiuron 257u SE: M/s GSP crop life Pvt Ltd. Pyriproxyfen 5% + Fenpropathrin 15% EC: M/s Sumitomo Chemical India Pvt. For the rabbit developmental toxicity, the maternal NOAEL was 100 mg/kg bw per day based on increased abortions and/or premature deliveries. An issue is also listed as a critical area of concern if, in the light of current scientific and technical knowledge using guidance documents available at the time of application, the active substance is not expected to meet the approval criteria provided for in Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. Surface tension studied at highest use‐in concentration (relevant for all representative uses evaluated; see Section, Accelerated storage stability study (relevant for all representative uses evaluated; see Section, Verification of the extraction procedure used in the monitoring method in dry and high oil content matrices (relevant for all representative uses evaluated; see Section, Analytical method for monitoring of pyriproxyfen residues in body fluids (relevant for all representative uses evaluated; see Section, Further information and assessment of the analytical methods used in support of the (old) toxicity studies (relevant for all representative uses evaluated; see Section, For a complete literature review, the exclusion of articles after full‐text assessment should be further justified (with the support of more detailed assessment of the full‐text articles) (relevant for all representative uses evaluated; see Section, Since pyriproxyfen is an UVB absorber, the, Storage stability data for pyriproxyfen residues on a commodity representative of the pome fruit crop group (relevant for the representative use on apples and pears evaluated; see Section, One additional residue trial on tomatoes compliant with the SEU outdoor GAP (relevant for the representative use on tomatoes evaluated; see Section, Information on potential conversion/preferential degradation of isomers of pyriproxyfen in soil and water under illuminated conditions and in the water/sediment systems (concluded as not being necessary to conclude on the risk to terrestrial vertebrates and non target organisms for the representative uses evaluated; see Sections, Information on potential conversion/preferential degradation of isomers of metabolites DPH‐Pyr (aquatic compartment only), 4’‐OH‐Pyr and PYPAC in the environmental compartments PYPAC (concluded as being necessary to conclude on the chronic risk assessment to aquatic invertebrates for metabolite PYPAC only for the representative uses evaluated; see Sections, Information to address the risk to sediment‐dwelling organisms was not available and therefore a low risk could not be concluded for exposure via the sediment phase (relevant for all representative uses evaluated; see Section, Information to address the risk to honeybee larvae (relevant for all outdoor uses evaluated; See Section, Information to further address the risk to bees from the outdoor use on ornamentals (relevant for all outdoor uses evaluated; see Section, Information to address the risk from sublethal effects to bees (relevant for all outdoor uses evaluated; See Section, Information to address the effect of water treatment processes on the nature of residues present in surface water, when surface water is abstracted for drinking water was not available. Concerns are identified. For the metabolite 4’‐OH‐Pyr, relevant to soil and water compartments, no toxicity or BCF data were available. All other identified metabolites were present as very minor compounds (< 10% TRR or < 0.01 mg eq/kg). Parent pyriproxyfen and/or its related metabolites were never detected in wheat grain and straw. Mahan Pyriproxyfen 10% EC. Apply Pivot 10 solution wherever conditions could support insect populations. The RMS disagreed with the developmental NOAEL as agreed during the meeting.55 A low risk for the rest of the uses in pome fruit (early) can be concluded only with appropriate mitigation measures. 94. The resistant individuals can eventually dominate the insect population if these insecticides are used repeatedly. Simulations utilised the agreed Q10 of 2.58 (following EFSA, 2008) and Walker equation coefficient of 0.7. Therefore, the data from the available indoor microcosm study were further considered and a low risk to aquatic sediment‐dwellers can be only concluded for the outdoor uses in citrus, and pome fruit (late and early application) with appropriate mitigation. The situation when pyriproxyfen is used in open‐protected structures in tomato is covered by the available risk assessment for the outdoor use on tomato. Pyriproxyfen Available formulation. In the area of mammalian toxicology, the reliability of most of the available studies could not be concluded upon since validated analytical methods were not provided and this led to issues that could not be finalised. Please note: The publisher is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. The methods of analyses used in the radiolabelled soil and water studies in the dark were able to distinguish between the enantiomers and there was no significant change in the isomeric ratio over the duration of the studies. A low chronic risk for fish is indicated for the outdoor uses in tomatoes only with appropriate mitigation e.g. Ltd. Spirotetramat 11.01% w/w + … All other components of the residue were below 10% TRR. The acute risk from pyriproxyfen to aquatic invertebrates was low for the outdoor and soil‐less greenhouse uses in tomatoes and ornamentals, for the soil‐bound greenhouse uses in ornamentals, and for the walk‐in tunnels (closed), using FOCUS Step 1‐3. PYRIPROXYFEN 10% EC use can limit insect reproduction by causing adult insect sterilization, reduced egg production, behavior modifications, deformed insects and death. However, since the crop types which are included in the category of ornamentals is not defined, EFSA did not consider that the available risk assessments would cover the risk, when it is assessed with the EFSA guidance document (EFSA, 2013) from the outdoor use on ornamentals (data gap).1212 It is a unique combination of new generation broad spectrum insecticide and Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) It effectively controls all the stages of Whitefly i.e. The necessary surface water and sediment exposure assessments (PEC calculations) were carried out for pyriproxyfen and metabolites 4’‐OH‐Pyr, PYPAC and DPH‐Pyr using the FOCUS (2001) step 1 and step 2 approach (version 3.2 of the Steps 1‐2 in FOCUS calculator). U.S. EPA, Pesticides, Label, -, 6/13/2011 The need for expert consultation and the necessity for additional information to be submitted by the applicant in accordance with Article 13(3) of the Regulation were considered in a telephone conference between EFSA and the RMS on 24 August 2018. High chronic risk to fish cannot be excluded for the outdoor uses in citrus and pome fruit (late) using FOCUS Step 4, and in walk‐in tunnels (open), and also for greenhouse soilless uses in ornamentals. Refer to point 6 under Ecotoxicology, of the MS comments on the draft EFSA Conclusion on pyriproxyfen‐ethyl Pesticides Peer Review Written Procedure: April‐May 2019 (EFSA, 2019). No experimental data were provided for the comparative in vitro metabolism with other species, including human cell systems (data gap and issue that could not be finalised). However, for the chronic risk assessment to aquatic invertebrates for metabolite PYPAC and the acute risk assessment to fish for metabolite 4’‐OH‐Pyr, this data gap resulted in an assessment not finalised due to the insufficient margin of safety between hazard endpoints and predicted environmental concentrations (PEC) indicated in the available environmental risk assessments. An initial evaluation of the dossier on pyriproxyfen was provided by the RMS in the renewal assessment report (RAR), and subsequently, a peer review of the pesticide risk assessment on the RMS evaluation was conducted by EFSA in accordance with Article 13 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 844/2012, as amended by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 2018/1659. Pyriproxyfen residues can be monitored in food and feed of plant origin by the QuEChERS method using high‐performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC–MS/MS) with a limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.01 mg/kg in the four major crop groups and black tea. (m/v %) Classification EC 1272/2008 Pyriproxyfen TC 95 % wate.

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