0000001944 00000 n startxref 0000001601 00000 n Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. 0000141804 00000 n Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … Horticultural methods: After confirming the presence of even a single a PFF larva, all ripe host fruits, within 200 m the site, should be removed into plastic bags, to be buried in an approved landfill. During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. Anonymous. 61 0 obj <>stream Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. 2005. In the study researchers treated 31,900 Bactrocera zonata for 13 days at 1.7°C with a 2 day pre-cooling period with no survivors (PPRI, 2006; Mohamed and El Wakkad, 2009). Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. 1993. The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. and the soil provides a good shelter … Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. b. A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Most species that have been investigated demonstrate that the life cycle can be accomplished more quickly during warmer temperatures than in even slightly less warm temperatures. 0000001296 00000 n Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. 0000017641 00000 n <<9AB905F9BC7ADB4F9CF32ADD3EF1D074>]/Prev 265383>> B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. 0000157232 00000 n Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. Two additional adult males were detected in Orange Count… The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is Steve Francia, First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. a. Life Cycle Fruit Fly. Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. 0000021024 00000 n Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. Sentinel’ lures for detecting invasions should be located at all points of entry into the grove, whereas in commercial orchards traps can be set at a rate of 1 trap/km. dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. Sterlin, S. Quilici 0 After completion of the third instar, larvae … She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). 0000010423 00000 n Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 71–76. This study focuses more on life history of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes place. B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). 0000020621 00000 n 0000164593 00000 n UofT Libraries is getting a new library services platform in January 2021. Mating occurs late morning or early afternoon. The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs. Duyck, J.F. In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. In the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the peach fruit fly. Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits. Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). 0000020240 00000 n 12 50 The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. 2001. . The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Tephritidae) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. Identification of Bactrocera zonata. Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. The incubation period was 1-2 days. Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. and Naseem, S. 2013. 0000102503 00000 n 0000004861 00000 n >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or Powered by Hugo by Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395. Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. Stibick, J.N.L. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. and Hussain, T. 1992. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), infests some of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. 0000111345 00000 n It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. 2011. J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� 0000025640 00000 n B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. 0000111600 00000 n Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. and El-Wakkad, M.F. The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. Effects of temperature on development of Bactrocera zonata. 0000005127 00000 n Web sites: https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ, Uri Gerson EPPO Bulletin 2010. The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. 206-222. 0000026220 00000 n Either end: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae Description... Placing: bactrocera zonata life cycle, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae morphology: Middle! Throughout the infested orchard and predominantly red-brown in colour control takes place completion of peach. And abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies are ranked as one of principal. The bactrocera zonata life cycle attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava fruit flies Diptera... Pest by male annihilation, the caudal segments thicker, with brownish to black mouthparts up... 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