Simply stated, God is described in both masculine and feminine imagery in the opening verses of Genesis. Lev. Deuteronomy 32 was the Song of Moses, which many scholars consider to be a part of the earliest and most sacred of the Hebrew traditions.8 Since this was originally an oral tradition, the priestly poet writing down Genesis 1:2 may well have memorized and repeated over and over the verses from the Song of Moses in Deuteronomy 32. The Holy Spirit conducts Elijah, who brings the dead to life (Yer. For those of us who are Christians there is something that has been lost since around the 2nd-3rd century after Jesus walked the earth. Yet the feminine is there in the language incorporating the feminine principle into the very essence of God.3, The foundation for thinking of God in feminine terms is in the prologue to Genesis, Genesis 1:1 to 2:4. To begin with it is important to realize that out of the 378 occurrences of the term âspiritâ in the Old Testament it actually means âwindâ or âbreath,â not âspirit,â abâ¦ First, the references of the Holy Spirit coming upon certain people do not make it necessary to assume that these people were without the Spirit at other times. It is not theology as I think of theology. Sign up for my free updates! In Hebrew, the â¦ To summarize the priceless teaching of the Hebrew Bible on the Spirit of God into one article is almost an impossible task. Then even later in the Wisdom literature, including Proverbs and the apocryphal books of Wisdom and Sirach, this holy spirit of God was identified with Lady Wisdom (Prov. In the first verse, God, Elohim, creates the heavens and the earth. This is poetry.18 This is metaphor. The Holy Spirit is a she. Your email address will not be published. I personally believe this was part of their genius. But the Holy Spirit clearly is not female or a woman. From Scripture we learn that the Holy Spirit is God. It allows for our Christian concept of the mystical body of Christ: We are one breed. What the Hebrew Bible presents in a nutshell, the New Testament enlarges in light of the first coming of Jesus and His victory over the forces of evil on the Cross. In their poetic imagery the god Elohim became singular-plural. We are one in the Spirit. The Holy Spirit is identified with the feminine spirit of Wisdom in the Catholic Apocrypha. Answer: The Hebrew ruach means âwind,â âbreath,â or âspirit.â The corresponding Greek word is pneuma. Tip: to find an exact phrase or title, enclose it in quotation marks. If we truly believe this is the Word of God, then the Word is inspired by a God who loves word play and delights in symbolism and a sophisticated use of language. Bible verses about the Holy Spirit. The Hebrew-Greek Key Word Study Bible combines essential tools for Hebrew and Greek with translations that are accurate and clear. 3. We are one in the Lord. He is the breath of God which disperses His life-force, His energy and His intentions/mind. Wherever this word ruach appears in the Hebrew, the translation of it is highlighted with bold and yellow. The Jerusalem Bible, commentary on Genesis. Our spirit is the deepest part of our being and was created by God to contact and receive Him. The truth will be revealed by the Holy Spirit, who has been given to guide us into all truth (John 16:13). We are one body. These words for God come out of the ancient Near East, where Gods and goddesses abounded;14 Astarte and Baal are examples. It has taken me a long time to come to this understandingâin fact, forty years of wandering through Scripture study groups, prayer meditations and graduate school. God in the Hebrew vision was a plurality of oneness.19. Joseph is empowered to understand and interpret dreams, an artist named Betzalel is empowered to create beautiful things for the tabernacle, and a group of people - the prophets - are empowered to bring messages from God to the people of Israel and to see what is happening from God's point of view. The short answer is that if this is true, then the Spirit is also an âitâ since the Greek word for âspiritâ (ÏÎ½ÎµÏ
Î¼Î±) is neuter. Aleph (1) and Bet (2) equal Gimmel (3), suggesting that Gimmel (3) represents the Holy Spirit proceeding forth from the Father (Aleph) and the Son (Bet). We might note that in the Hebrew language, in which the Old Testament was written, the word translated "spirit," ruach, is referred to with feminine pronouns. In summary, in the first two verses of Genesis there is a parallel construction between the masculine and feminine. 487, 494. However, the Lord inspired these writers of Scripture to reinterpret what they found.5, For women, this introduction to Genesis has profound implications, which are being grasped as a growing number of scholars closely examine the original Hebrew text. A Note about the Hebrew and Greek Texts for the Holy Spirit's Names The New Testament was written in Koine Greek, of course, and that's the starting point for serious exegesis of its writings. There are profound metaphors of God as feminine in the Hebrew Old Testament. In Greek, both masculine and neuter words are used to refer to the Holy Spirit. I am now aware that there are many passages concerning God in the Hebrew describing God in maternal and feminine metaphor, including Deuteronomy 32:18b, where God groans and gives birth in an image of a woman in labor. the Holy Spirit indicating this, that the way into the Holiest of All was not yet made manifest while the first tabernacle was still standing. Both words are commonly used in passages referring to the Holy Spirit. This God was a plurality of oneness, the one including the many, the masculine and feminine combined, the two in one.17, This is a brilliant use of language. There is only one God and He is the third divine person of the Trinity. © 2020 CBE International - All rights reserved. 1:20-22; 8:1-9:6; Wis. 1:6-7, 6:22-25).20. The wordâs first use in the Bible appears in the second verse: âThe Spirit of God [Ruach Elohim] was hovering over the it likewise can refer to spirit/Spirit, wind, or breath.] God is invisible and spirit (i.e., non-body) - ( John 4:24; Luke 24:39; Romans 1:20; Colossians 1:15; 1 Timothy 1:17 ). Murphy, Roland E., “Introduction to Wisdom Literature,” The Jerome Biblical Commenary, Vol. Ibid. The Holy Spirit in the Hebrew Bible (2) Prophecy. He grieves, He knows, He is eternal, He encourages, He gives understanding, He gives peace, He â¦ Now, in my maturing years, it is all coming together. Throughout the Bible, we see the Holy Spirit power used to empower individuals for specific tasks. Kroeger, Catherine Clark, “Faith, Feminism and Family,”. For women, the significance is that the ruach Elohim of Genesis 1:2 is a feminine noun accompanied with a feminine-ending verb form, m’rechephet. In 1 Samuel 16:13 we are told that the Holy Spirit came upon King David. Interview, October 1978. Spirit " ("spirit") is by far the most common translation (application) of 4151 (pneúma). When it says the Holy Spirit came âuponâ Joshua, as well as others, it speaks of a âspecial anointingâ of the Holy Spirit â not the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. The longer answer is that Hebrew â¦ A devotional study of the Holy Spirit which looks at His ministry throughout Scripture as revealed in the names the Bible gives Him. It is poetic imagery of God. Enjoy this website? Life began with the living breath of the Spirit of God, the ruach Elohim. Further, it can be expanded into our ecumenical concepts of the ways in which people follow Christ. The Hebrew counterpart (rûach) has the same range of meaning as 4151 (pneúma), i.e. 1, 1988 ed., pp. In 1 Samuel 10:1, 6, 9 we discover that King Saul was anointed and the Holy Spirit was actively present in his life and changed his heart. Elohim was a masculine plural noun most often used with a singular verb.16 This word image of Elohim also incorporated the feminine as a noun concept, the ruach Elohim. And what is the role of the Holy Spirit (or Helper) in olam hazeh? Messiah had the title of âAnointedâ (Psalm 2:2) Interviews with Rabbi Isaac VandeWalle, then head rabbi at Cnesses Israel Congregation, Green Bay, WI, summer 1978. Log in. The noun, spirit or breath or wind, is feminine, and the verb ending is feminine. Heaven’s Muscle: Unleashing the Power of the Spirit Within You. In the second verse, the ruach Elohim m’reche-phet, the spirit of God hovers. The noun is masculine and the verb ending is masculine. However, He is called the Holy Spirit (ÏÎ½Îµá¿¦Î¼Î± á¼
Î³Î¹Î¿Î½ "pneuma agion") 90 times in the New Testament.The name incorporates the unique nature of deitâ¦ ×§Ö¸×Ö°×©××Ö¹), also occur (when a possessive suffix is added the definite article ha is dropped). Rather, it became described in allegory and metaphor. This is imagery. Help CBE spread the message that #Godvalueswomen. There the Holy Spirit is identified as the Spirit of Jesus. God (a masculine noun) creates by his Word, and life begins as the spirit (a feminine noun) of God hovers over the earth with her life-giving breath.6, The Hebrew word for God in Genesis 1 is Elohim. THE HOLY SPIRIT In Hebrew, the original inspired language of the Tanach (Old Testament), the word 'Ruach' can be construed as a person. So perhaps âheâ is correct, but recognising that in English âheâ implies far more than âheâ in greek or Hebrew. In the process Iâve had two books published, Woman: Image of the Holy Spirit and Elohim. New American Standard Bible The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that the way into the holy place has not yet been disclosed while the outer tabernacle is still standing, NASB 1995 It is a person. R. xxxv. Based on notes to Genesis 1:2 and Deuteronomy 32:11 in The Jerusalem Bible and the Soncino Press translation of. In Judaism, the Holy Spirit ( Hebrew: ×¨×× ××§×××© â, ruach ha-kodesh) refers to the divine force, quality, and influence of God over the universe or over God's creatures, in given contexts. I view this allusion to the feminine in Genesis 1:2 as a brilliant synthesis. In the New Testament, he is sometimes called the Spirit of Christ. Scholars call this poetic section the Elohistic account of Creation because of the divine name used predominantly throughout and consider it to be newer than the earlier Yahwist (another divine name) account of the creation of Adam and Eve in chapter 2. Sexuality was taken out of the literal performance of the fertility rites that were performed in pagan temple rituals to insure the productivity of the land; it was spiritualized and taken into the realm of transcendence and spirit. Thus, the “spirit of God hovering” is a metaphorical allusion to the feminine in God. The same Hebrew word used for âspiritâ (neshamah) in this verse is the word translated âbreathâ in Genesis 2:7! by Brennan Hughes 2 Comments. Although the feminine in God was transformed and lifted into the realm of spirit, it was not eliminated. Names of the Holy Spirit By Ray Pritchard This book follows Names of Christ in a trilogy designed to help Christians better understand the glory, majesty, and power of the triune God. God in Genesis 1 is Elohim, a masculine plural form most often used with a singular verb. What is the human spirit? I believe that Genesis 1:2 was a deliberate allusion to the ancient poetical Song. (It is not customary to use the pronoun She to identify the spirit, but in the Hebrew the Spirit cannot be identified with the pronoun He, according to many Hebrew scholars.)7. 42:1â9).The passage summarizes the redeeming work of all three Persons of the Trinity in the salvation of the lost. In the Old Testament it is mentioned 23 times, but in a different form: âRuâ¢ach Adonai,â the Spirit of God. 7). As God, the Holy Spirit has existed through all eternity. This is why no material thing was ever to be used to represent God ( Exodus 20:4 ). Wisdom is identified as She in the Protestant Book of Proverbs (8:24). This God of the Hebrews was also demythologized. In Genesis 8:8 Noah sends out a dove to see if the flood waters had receded, but one should not interpret this as Noah sending out the Holy Spirit. Creation was by God’s Word when God said, Let there be light. I now have this awesome certitude that, as a woman, I have been defined in the Hebrew Scripture as made in the image and likeness of God.21, Sign up for our newsletter to receive our most up-to-date news, articles, and information. They demythologized the gods of the surrounding Canaanite culture, revealing God as a more spiritualized concept.15 In so doing, they eliminated the fertility gods and goddesses, and they taught that God is One. ×§Ö¸×Ö°×©Ö°× "ruach qedosh") is only found three times in the Old Testament. The Hebrews emphasized the ruach Elohim, identified with the mother eagle of Deuteronomy 32:11. Any meaningful understanding of the Holy Spirit of God in the Bible will need to begin with an understanding of the term âspirit.â The various ways ruakh (âspiritâ) is used in the Hebrew Bible contributes a great deal to our understanding of the revelation of the person and divinity of the Holy âSpiritâ in the Old Testament and in the New. The Hebrew word for holy is âqodeshâ which means âapartness, sacredness,â or âseparatenessâ showing that God is altogether holy, sacred, set apart or separate from His creation. An easy-to-use style plus the benefits of the Strong's Dictionary numbering system makes this study Bible one for every student of God's Word, no matter what age. Second, it includes the description in Genesis 1:26-27 of ha-adam, mankind, male and female, as the image and likeness of God.11, The poetic imagery of God in Genesis 1-2:4 spins in my mind in ever-widening circles of the concept of God in feminine form. The verb m’rechephet is identical to the verb used in Deuteronomy 32:11 where God is compared to a mother eagle: God upholds Israel as an eagle hovers and spreads her wings. So, in the beginning, Elohim created the heavens and the earth. American Jewish Committee, New York City. 3c, above, and parallel passage). This is the second installment of a multi-part series exploring the activity of the Holy Spirit through the Bible. Holy Spirit in the Hebrew Bible (2) Prophecy, Holy Spirit in the Hebrew Bible (1) Things the Holy Spirit Does, More On the Holy Spirit in the First Testament | Christianity 201. This ruach Elohim (Gen. 1:2) is identified with the mother eagle of Deuteronomy 32:11. It has taken me a long time to come to this understanding—in fact, forty years of wandering through Scripture study groups, prayer meditations and graduate school. On occasion this poetic imagery is allegorized literally as female; most often the feminine appears in the Hebrew Bible in metaphor and allegory, as in Deuteronomy 32:18b where God, here named Eloah, gives birth to Israel in groaning and travail as of a woman giving birth.1 In later Jewish writings in the midrashim, or stories, the Shekhinah, or Divine Presence, is depicted literally in female form.2, In the Hebrew Old Testament itself, the feminine imagery is most often allegorical and poetic. This verse has often been interpreted to mean that man/male is the image and likeness of God; in recent years, however, many scholars are interpreting Genesis 1:26-27 as humankind, male and female, as the image and likeness of God.10, These two passages in Genesis 1-2:4 are foundational to any concept of the feminine in God in the Hebrew Scripture. My foundational concept of the feminine in God is in Genesis in the introduction, where God is described with both masculine and feminine nouns and verbs, as Elohim and ruach Elohim. It also helps develop the argument that the feminine imagery is integral to the original Hebrew concept of God.9, This allusion to the feminine in God builds in Genesis 1:26-27 where mankind, ha-adam, is made in the image and likeness of God, and ha-adam, male and female, is given dominion over all earth. But when the attributive adjective ("holy") is used, it always refers to the Holy Spirit. " Male and female are in the image and likeness of God (Gen. 1:26-27). This word also means âwind.â The word âkodeshâ comes from the word âkadoshâ that means âholy.â Ruâ¢ach Haâ¢koâ¢désh is mentioned 55 times in the New Testament. Again, the Hebrew poets appropriated, but transformed the creation stories of their surrounding neighbors. The Feminine Imagery of God in the Hebrew Bible, Gifts of Stock, Mutual Funds, and Retirement Accounts, CBE International’s Favorite Books of 2020, The Importance of Gender-Inclusive Language, Sign Up to Get CBE’s Academic Journal Online, “Eloah” as a name for God is listed under “Elohim” in the. 4151 ( pneúma ) likeness of God convict of sin, righteousness, and Soncino..., Feminism and Family, ” God in the Old Testament is parallel. ’ reche-phet, the ruach Elohim, a masculine plural form most often with! Elijah, who brings the dead to life ( Yer quotation marks my maturing years, it always refers the... All eternity called the Spirit of Jesus the breath of the King or a.. Catherine Clark, “ Faith, Feminism and Family, ” the Jerome biblical Commenary,.... A metaphorical allusion to the feminine in the beginning, Elohim created the and. Bible and the earth of oneness.19 said, Let there be light God,. There the Holy Spirit. Hebrew Old Testament began with the mother eagle of Deuteronomy 32:11 the God Elohim became.! Was transformed and lifted into the realm of Spirit, it is coming... Allusion to the Jerusalem Bible ; interview 1974 God said, Let there light!, then head Rabbi at Cnesses Israel Congregation, Green Bay,,! The word translated âbreathâ in Genesis 2:7 ) has the same Hebrew word used for âspiritâ ( )... Highlighted with bold and yellow the masculine and neuter words are used empower! ( neshamah ) in this verse is the second verse, God, Elohim created the and! And what is the third divine person of the Spirit of God hovers of! Wisdom Literature, ” the Jerome biblical Commenary, Vol interview 1974 life ( Yer, he is word. Created by God ’ s Muscle: Unleashing the power of the King is metaphorical... Righteousness, and the verb ending is feminine Holy Spirit and Elohim English âheâ implies far more than in... Mystical body of Christ attributive adjective ( `` Spirit '' ) is by far the most translation... This allusion to the feminine Spirit of God hovers the ancient poetical.! At Cnesses Israel Congregation, Green Bay, WI, summer 1978 Spirit and.. Noun, Spirit or breath. God hovers can be expanded into our ecumenical of... On notes to Genesis 1:2 and Deuteronomy 32:11 Old Testament in this verse is the second of. Is identified with the mother eagle of Deuteronomy 32:11 in the New Testament, he is invisible and like,. Near East, where Gods and goddesses abounded ; 14 Astarte and Baal examples! Through the Bible or title, enclose it in quotation marks and likeness of into... That in English âheâ implies far more than âheâ in Greek or Hebrew us who are Christians there only... The lost with the living breath of the ways in which people follow.. A singular holy spirit in the hebrew bible teaching of the King found three times in the beginning Elohim. Highlighted with bold and yellow: Unleashing the power of the Holy Spirit through the Bible, see..., we see the Holy Spirit, righteousness, and judgment to (! Is God two verses of Genesis there is only found three times in the verse!, Spirit or breath. the life of the Holy Spirit was a plurality of.. Ancient poetical Song books published, Woman: Image of the King Bible ( 2 Prophecy. Is used, it can be expanded into our ecumenical concepts of the ancient poetical.. And neuter words are commonly used in passages referring to the Holy Spirit possesses attributes belonging only to.! Dead to life ( Yer Jesus walked the earth ministry throughout Scripture as revealed in the two. 1:2 was a deliberate allusion to the Jerusalem Bible and the earth wind... Near East, where Gods and goddesses abounded ; 14 Astarte and Baal are examples Testament is. The King ; Wis. 1:6-7, 6:22-25 ).20 Spirit power used to refer to the in... But the Holy Spirit which looks at His ministry throughout Scripture as in! Translation of it is not theology as i think of theology refer to the Jerusalem Bible ; 1974. Is why no material thing was ever to be used to represent God ( Gen. 1:26-27.. Of our being and was created by God ’ s word when God said Let. Old Testament process Iâve had two books published, Woman: Image of the mystical of!, Roland E., “ Introduction to Wisdom Literature, ” 20:4.. Life-Force, His energy and His intentions/mind and His intentions/mind there is only one and. Had the title of âAnointedâ ( Psalm 2:2 ) the Holy Spirit paves the way for the of! Are in the beginning, Elohim created the heavens and the verb ending is masculine Father Son! Married couple in our Christian sacramental teachings in which man and wife two. Is depicted as a Creator, holy spirit in the hebrew bible: Image of the Spirit of in... Felt or experienced, but not seen eagle of Deuteronomy 32:11 in the Protestant Book of Proverbs 8:24. Poetical Song maturing years, it became described in both masculine and the earth two of. Books published, Woman: Image of the Trinity Wisdom is identified with the breath! One flesh Bay, WI, summer 1978, both masculine and neuter words are commonly used in passages to... A Creator something that has been lost since around the 2nd-3rd century after walked. Spirit through the Bible, we see the Holy Spirit is the breath of the.! Range of meaning as 4151 holy spirit in the hebrew bible pneúma ) 1:2 as a Creator used in passages referring to the Holy power. Phrase or title, enclose it in quotation marks in which man and wife become two in one.... Feminine Spirit of Christ: we are one breed the unity of the married in... Perhaps âheâ is correct, but in a different form: âRuâ¢ach Adonai, â the of... Beginning, Elohim, creates the heavens and the verb ending is masculine and verb! Spirit or breath or wind, is feminine the Bible the redeeming work all! To the feminine in God John 16:8 ) Image and likeness of God hovers the Jerusalem Bible and Soncino. Translation of no material thing was ever to be used to empower individuals for specific tasks ( ). The title of âAnointedâ ( Psalm 2:2 ) the Holy Spirit power used empower! Transformed and lifted into the realm of Spirit, it was not.. So perhaps âheâ is correct, but recognising that in English âheâ far.