Species in Monodora. The major compounds found in the essential oil from the seeds are α-phellandrene, α-pinene, myrcene, limonene and pinene. Related Links. Indonesia is the main producer of nutmeg and mace. The California nutmeg, Torreya californica, has a seed of similar appearance, but is not closely related to Myristica fragrans, and is not used as a spice. Myristica fragrans is a dark-leaved evergreen tree cultivated for two spices derived from its fruit: nutmeg, from its seed, and mace, from the seed covering. The nutmeg fruit is similar in appearance to an apricot. Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-coloured aril, the mace, surrounding a single shiny brown seed, the nutmeg. It is native to Angola, Benin, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda. The flower’s sepals are red-spotted, crisped and 2.5 cm long. The flower’s stigmas become receptive before its stamens mature and shed their pollen (protogynous). Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica. Its traditional Polynesian names include Mata‘oi, Mohokoi (Tonga), Moso‘oi (Samoa), Moto‘oi (Hawaii), and Mokosoi, Mokasoi or Mokohoi (Fiji). Thomas Couvreur, the botanist who first formally described the species, named it after his wife Carolina. Stearic acid (n-octadecanoic acid) can be used as a binding agent in food products, such as butter flavoring, vanilla flavoring, chewing gum, fruit waxes and butter 61. Huge, oblong leaves are particularly handsome. [5], The flower appears at the base of new shoots and is singular, pendant, large and fragrant. Tropical Fruit; Out of Stock-Seasonal; Monodora myristica - Calabash Nutmeg; Hover over main image to zoom. It is native to Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, and Tanzania. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. N/A. commonly known as Calabash nutmeg is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae. [6] The flower is pollinated by insects. Monodora; Monodora. The flowers of Monodora myristica look very much like those of an orchid (hence the common name of 'African orchid nutmeg'), and the fruit is a … Monodora myristica is a widespread and attractive small tree with very decorative flowers appearing just before the leaves. [3][5] For medicinal purposes they are used as stimulants, stomachic, for headaches, sores and also as insect repellent. It is important as the main source of the spices nutmeg and mace. Inside the fruit the numerous oblongoid, pale brown, 1.5 cm long seeds are surrounded by a whitish fragrant pulp. Seeds are now available at our seed store. muskatinis kvapūnas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Anoninių šeimos medieninis, prieskoninis augalas (Monodora myristica), paplitęs Afrikoje. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MOMY) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MOMY) Wildlife. It is about the size of an orange, and contains many aromatic seeds imbedded in pulp. Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. In medicine, the bark is used in treatments of stomach-aches, febrile pains, eye diseases and haemorrhoids. Customers also viewed. It is native to Kenya and Tanzania. Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler and Ludwig Diels, the German botanists who first formally described the species, named it after its small stature. [5], Monodora myristica timber is hard but easy to work with and is used for carpentry, house fittings and joinery. In medicine, the bark is used in treatments of stomach-aches, febrile pains, eye diseases and haemorrhoids. [3] Other names of calabash nutmeg include Jamaican nutmeg, African nutmeg, ehuru, ariwo, awerewa, [4] ehiri, airama, African orchid nutmeg, muscadier de Calabash and lubushi. Monodora myristica, commonly known as calabash nutmeg, ehuru, Jamaican nutmeg, nuscade de Calabash, ariwo, airama, African nutmeg and African orchid nutmeg is a tropical shrub of the Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. The corolla is formed of six petals of which the three outer reach a length of 10 cm and show curled margins and red, green and yellow spots. They are petiolate and can reach a size of up to 45 x 20 cm. [3] The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai). A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/. It is native to Tanzania. Plants that belong to Annonaceae family are rich in flavonoids and bioflavonoids and are known to have antioxidant activity (Shahidi et al. Monodora myristica Filed as Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Annona myristica; Monodora myristica By seeds. It is native to Mozambique and Tanzania. fruit Food: general seed Food: sauces, condiments, spices, flavourings seed Medicines: generally healing leaf seed Medicines: skin, mucosae bark root Medicines: diarrhoea, dysentery seed Phytochemistry: fatty acids, etc. It is attached to a long stalk which is up to 60 cm long. ABSTRACT This work evaluates the antioxidant potential of Monodora myristica (African nutmeg). Flowers solitary (hence the name), orchid-like, green or yellow-green with liver-coloured spots, or some petals liver-coloured throughout; usually after the first good rains (September to November in Kwazulu-Natal). The seeds contain 5-9% of a colourless essential oil. Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) Monodora myristica extract was obtained by solvent extraction using n-hexane and used as treatment on freshly prepared crude palm kernel oil and palm oil. Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the tree is also grown as an ornamental. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, the night-flowering jasmine or Parijat or hengra bubar or Shiuli is a species of Nyctanthes native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. The pedicel bears a leaf-like bract and can reach 20 cm in length. Myristica fragrans Family: Myristicaceae Nutmeg Origin: Moluccas or Spice Islands of Indonesia. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-colored edible pulp surrounding a single seed, the nutmeg. The flower’s sepals are red-spotted, crisped and 2.5 cm long. Monodora myristica extract was obtained by solvent extraction using n-hexane and used as treatment on freshly prepared crude palm kernel oil and palm oil. In former times, its seeds were widely sold as an inexpensive nutmeg substitute. Nov 30, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Megan Elizondo. Monodora undulata is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. This medium to large size tree has a lush crown. Propagation. It is also a commercial source of an essential oil and nutmeg butter. Seed Availability. The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. myristica in the breaking of seed dormancy of these crops are recommended. [6] The flower is pollinated by insects. It is widely distributed from Africa to Asia, Central and South America and Australia (Omobuwajo et al, 2003). Daniel Oliver, the English botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its narrow petals. Monodora myristica is a widespread and attractive small tree with very decorative flowers appearing just before the leaves. They are petiolate and can reach a size of up to 45 x 20 cm. The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. In 1897, Monodora myristica was introduced to Bogor Botanical Gardens, Indonesia, where the trees flower on a regular basis but no fruit could yet be collected. , 2009). African Nutmeg Monodora myristica (Ehuru) belongs to the Anonacea family. Other names of calabash nutmeg include Jamaican nutmeg, African nutmeg, ehuru, ariwo, awerewa,[4] ehiri, airama, African orchid nutmeg, muscadier de Calabash and lubushi. [7]. Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. N/A. Discover (and save!) Nutmeg is a tropical evergreen tree that reaches about 65 feet tall. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. Hexalobus bussei is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler and Ludwig Diels, the German botanists who first formally described the species, named it after Henri-Alexandre Junod, the Swiss missionary and scientist who collected the specimen that they examined. Inside the fruit the numerous oblongoid, pale brown, 1.5 cm long seeds are surrounded by a whitish fragrant pulp. It is native to equatorial Africa. The three inner petals are almost triangular and form a white-yellowish cone which on the outside is red-spotted and green on the inside. It is widely grown across the tropics including Guangdong and Yunnan in China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Grenada in the Caribbean, Kerala in India, Sri Lanka and South America. a.k.a. Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the t… Softball sized fruit with edible seeds that have a nutmeg-like flavor. Dunal – calabash nutmeg Subordinate Taxa. Monodora globiflora is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Monodora myristica special feature Female flowers are larger, borne in racemes in leaf axils. Food. Monodora myristica is a widespread and attractive small tree with very decorative flowers appearing just before the leaves. [2] In former times, its seeds were widely sold as an inexpensive nutmeg substitute. The three inner petals are almost triangular and form a white-yellowish cone which on the outside is red-spotted and green on the inside. Monodora myristica is a large deciduous tree (up to 35 m) and has a wide canopy of green leaves and stunning flowers. Fresh seeds of Monodora myristica were purchased at Nkwo - Ibagwa market in Nsukka, Enugu state and were authenticated by Dr. C. Njokuocha of the Department of The best known genera are Myristica in Asia and Virola in the Neotropics. A medium-sized or large tree from tropical Africa known for its aromatic seeds that can be used as a substitute for nutmeg and are an ingredient for stews in Nigerian cuisine. The pulp of the fruit is eaten locally. Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the tree is also grown as an ornamental. [2] Monodora crispata is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Description. [5] Due to the slave trade in the 18th century, the tree was introduced to the Caribbean islands where it was established and become known as Jamaican nutmeg. Monodora myristica. ]. Syzygium aromaticum - Clove . This is now less common outside its region of production. Dunal. [3] The fruits are collected from wild trees and the seeds are dried and sold whole or ground to be used in stews, soups, cakes and desserts. Growing Environment. The seeds of M. myristica, chewed up are applied to the forehead for headache and for migraine in Gabon and ground up for headaches, rhino-pharygitis, or loss of voice, to apply on sores, or eaten as an antiemetic aperative and tonic in Congo. Monodora myristica, the calabash nutmeg, is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. The corolla is formed of six petals of which the three outer reach a length of 10 cm and show curled margins and red, green and yellow spots. [3] [5], The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. Monodora myristica, the calabash nutmeg, is a tropical tree of the family Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. your own Pins on Pinterest Monodora grandidieri is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. The seed is oblong and pale brown when fresh with a thin seed coat and hard kernel (Nesaretnam and Muhammad, 1999). The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. Monodora minor is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree, is a tropical tree that is native to India, through parts of Indochina, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, to Queensland, Australia. It has been reported to be used as a traditional medicine by the Giriama and Digo people of Kenya. [5], The fruit is a berry of 20 cm diameter and is smooth, green and spherical and becomes woody. The tree is particularly valued for its aromatic seed, which is used as a condiment, medicinally, and also to make rosaries and necklaces. atitikmenys: lot. Monodora tenuifolia is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. [3] [5] For medicinal purposes they are used as stimulants, stomachic, for headaches, sores and also as insect repellent. Hardiness. It is native to Angola , Benin , Cameroon , the Central African Republic , the Democratic Republic of the Congo , Equatorial Guinea , Gabon , Ghana , Guinea-Bissau , Ivory Coast , Kenya , Liberia , Nigeria , the Republic of the Congo , Sierra Leone , Sudan , Tanzania , Togo and Uganda … [5], The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. Thomas Couvreur, the botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its inner petals that touch one another, but are not fused, and form a globe-shaped structure. [3][5], The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. Eugenia myrcianthes - Uvaia do Campo $6.50. The Myristicaceae are a family of flowering plants native to Africa, Asia, Pacific islands, and the Americas and has been recognized by most taxonomists. The pedicel bears a leaf-like bract and can reach 20 cm in length. [5], The essential oil that can be obtained from the leaves contains β-caryophyllene, α-humulene and α-pinene. It is attached to a long stalk, which can be up to 60 cm long. Calabash nutmeg definition is - the fruit of a tropical shrub (Monodora myristica) of the family Annonaceae about the size of an orange and containing many aromatic seeds that are used like nutmegs. The seed is oblong and pale brown when fresh with a thin seed coat and hard kernel (Nesaretnam and Muhammad, 1999). Interpreting Wetland Status. Kanara Nutmeg is endemic to the Western Ghats. Monodora hastipetala is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Asteranthe asterias is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Thomas Couvreur, the botanist who first formally described the species, named it after its spear shaped petals. It has a clear trunk and branches horizontally. In 1897, Monodora myristica was introduced to Bogor Botanical Gardens, Indonesia, where the trees flower on a regular basis but no fruit could yet be collected. Palisot de Beauvois the botanist and entomologist who first formally described the species using the basionym Xylopia undulata, named it after the wavy margins of its petals. The major compounds found in the essential oil from the seeds are α-phellandrene, α-pinene, myrcene, limonene and pinene. The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. fruit of M. myristica is a berry of 20 cm in diameter, smooth, green and spherical and becomes woody at maturity. - Calabash nutmeg, the nutmeg fruit is suspended on a long stalk, which be! 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